Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research

RMJ. 2008; 33(1): 56-57


Chemical Composition of Non-Infected Upper Urinary Tract Calculi

Ahmad Rahman,* Khalid Farooq Danish,*Afsheen Zafar,*Ashfaq Ahmad,**A. Rashid Chaudhry.

Abstract
Objectives: To document the chemical composition of urinary calculi at our institution.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at Urology Department, Rawalpindi
General Hospital, and IIMC-T Railway General Hospital, Rawalpindi. It included 428
patients under going surgery or receiving Extracorporial Shock Wave Lithotripsy
(ESWL) for urinary calculi over a period of 3.5 years. All patients were screened for
urinary tract infection by urine routine examination, urine culture and ultrasonography.
Stones/fragment or gravel retrieved were sent for chemical analysis.
Results: Calcium was present in 92% calculi. Out of these, 34% were pure calcium
oxalate calculi. Struvite stones were 5%, pure uric acid calculi 3% whereas mixed calculi
containing urates were 37%. There were no cysteine stones found in this study.
Conclusion: Calcium containing mixed stones remain the commonest variety of renal
calculi encountered in this study. (Rawal Med J 2008;33:54-55).

Key words: Urolithiasis, Pakistan, stone chemical composition.



Share this Article


Advertisement
Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.