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Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5428-5433

Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari*.


Education brings benefits both at micro and macro levels. It is the universal and basic right of every individual without discrimination. The objectives of the current research were to examine the household characteristics of the respondents; their attitude towards children’ education; their satisfaction regarding the school facilities and to know the teachers related issues in South Punjab, Pakistan. The researcher used the quantitative data and 975 household heads whose children were aged between (05-09) years were selected for the study. 3 Divisions of South Punjab namely (i) Bahawalpur (ii) Multan and (iii) Dera Ghazi Khan were selected for data collection by using the multi-stage sampling. It was found that poor socio-economic background of parents; negative parental attitude, poor school facilities and teacher relate concerns played a vital role in the prohibiting of children in the studied area. It is suggested that educational awareness campaigns should start at union council level in which parents should sensitize towards children education and build unbiased attitude towards sons and daughters’ education. The educational budget should increase, remove the schools deficiencies; hire new teachers on urgent basis and give them training for achieving the Universal educational targets.

Key words: Education, Basic Right, Parental Attitude, School Facilities, Educational Budget

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