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Review Article



Characteristics of Oral and Maxillofacial Lesions in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department in Hasan Sadikin Hospital: A Retrospective Study

Jamarudin, Andri Hardianto, Winarno Priyanto.


Abstract

Background: Oral lesions may be caused by inflammation, tumours, cysts, pre-cancer lesions, and neoplasms (both benign and malignant). The histopathological analysis is required to determine the diagnosis, management, and determining additional comorbidities in patients with oral lesions.
Methods: A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the frequency and distribution of oral lesions in patients managed by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Biopsy and clinical assessment of each patient included in the study were performed during the period January 2015 - to December 2019. Demographic characteristics (age, sex, location of lesion, and histopathological results) were recorded and included in the statistical analysis
Results: There were 1,592 cases of oral lesions included during the study period. The age of the patients ranges from 5 months to 80 years. A higher number of women with oral lesions were reported in this study (1.3: 1). The most frequently encountered histopathological diagnosis of the patients with oral lesions was ameloblastoma (13.2%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (8.4%) and non-specific inflammation (7.3%).
Conclusion: The study described the distribution and lesion of oral lesions in Indonesia, specifically in Indonesian patients treated in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Benign lesions had higher frequency in comparison to malignant lesions. The patients were mostly adults (18 - 65 years old). Further studies with a larger sample size may be required to add support and validate the results of the current study.

Key words: frequency, oral and maxillofacial lesions






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