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Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5285-5292


Mutational Analysis of CYP1B1 gene in families with Primary Congenital glaucoma

Tayyaba Shan, Bushra Gul, Sohail Ahmed Otho, Saba Manzoor, Dr. Asma Noureen, Dr. Khalid Hussain Rind,Najeed Ullah,Yasir Arfat, Sanam Javed, Saba Arshad,Umair Ali.

Abstract
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a rare form of autosomal recessive disorder which shows its symptoms
during early infantile period. These symptoms may include enlargement of globe, reduced visual acuity,
blepharospasm, edema, photophobia and corneal opacification. CYP1B1 (cytochrome P4501B1) gene sited at
locus GLC3A is considered as most common mutated gene in PCG patients. Frequency of disease causing
CYP1B1 mutations differs among different populations ranging from less than 10% to 100%. There is a great
diversity of mutations of CYP1B1 gene studied in the PCG pathogenesis worldwide. In this study, blood
samples of both diseased and healthy individuals of 6 Pakistani families affected with PCG, were collected
mutation analysis of CYP1B1. Sanger sequencing of exons of CYP1B1 gene identify potentially pathogenic
variants in these families. The identified variants were solved with one novel mutation (c.1551_1551delA),
chr2:38297946_38297946delT, one known (c.1347T>C), chr2:38298150A>G, rs1056837 and homozygous
nonsynonymous SNP (c.406C>A) in were found in two of the families respectively. Another known
polymorphism (c.1294G>C) chr2:38298203C>G was observed in one of our patient, resulting in protein
change V432L, signifying its role in disease pathogenesis. Additionally two more novel polymorphisms are
found in two of our families i.e. cDNA.2218A>C, chr2:38297681T>G with no effect at protein level, and
cDNA.2215G>T, chr2:38297684C>A, further analyses failed to indicate the pathogenic nature of these
variants and majority of these were also present in public databases. The identification of CYP1B1 mutations
in 33% families (2 out of 6) in this study indicates that mutations in this gene are the major cause of PCG in
Pakistan as well. Additional work is required to identify the underlying mutations in the remaining four
families.

Key words: Glaucoma, Interocular pressure, ophthalmology, primary congenital glaucoma






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