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Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(4): 2240-2248

Barriers to Female Education in Rural Areas: A Case Study of District Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.

Rizwana, Afzaal Afzal, Saima Safdar, SumeraTul Hasan.


Education of females is pivotal and considered as fundamental to achieving sustainable development in the
society and nations. No nation can rise to the height of glory unless equal participation of female is ensured in
all sphere of life. Continues gender discrimination, along with unequal distributions of basic rights, resources
and opportunities for female have observed across the words (Esther et al., 2020).In most developing
countries especially in South Asian region, the opportunities for female education are not satisfactory, and
numerous social, cultural, religious, and family barriers create obstacles. These intersecting barriers created
by patriarchalmind-setplay a vital role, and have considerable negative impacts on the life and achievement
of education by females (UNICEF, 2020).However,in recent decades a substantial progress has been observed
in female education. The females prove themselves as high achiever in education and assumed great
responsibility in various fields. But unfortunately this number is very limited, and the gender discrimination
in families and society slow down this process. To understand the basic reasons and barriers to female
education, this primary study was conducted, in district Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan. The data for the study
was collected from 324 respondents (female students)from various female degree colleges of Gujranwala,
throughstructured questionnaire. Descriptive and statistical tests were applied to find out the result of the

Key words: Fundamental, Sustainable Development, Gender Discrimination, Intersecting Barriers, Structured Questionnaire

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