In this review article, the research considers at the current innovation regarding the selection of polymer composites materials that are reinforced with micro and nano particles, specifically for the purpose of using them as radiation shields. The effectiveness of a substance as a radiation shield is often evaluated based on how well it can prevent the penetration of incident radiation via various interaction processes. However beneficial radiation may be to human health and the environment, it also poses a considerable risk. There hasn't been a lot of investigation into the shielding capabilities of FRP composites with lead nanoparticle extracts. In this research, seven different possible shielding materials are offered. These materials are embedded ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers containing silicon, silicon carbide, and boron carbide. It is possible to conclude that the incorporation of lead nanoparticles into fiber composite materials is suggested for a variety of applications. The investigated composite material had qualities like improved high strength, density, and exceptional hardness. One example of this would be requests in the aviation industry, which require light weights but are exposed to high radiation levels.
Key words: Radiation shielding, polymer nanocomposites, radiation protection, and polymer.