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Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(12): 1140-1144

Prevalence of migraine among medical students

Mohammed Radhi AlNasser, Wael Mohammed Saeed Abusrrah, Ghadah Nashmi Alkhaldi, Saeed Abdullah BinSalman, Mishaal Hisham Rayees, Ahmed Saeed Alsaedi.


Introduction: Migraine is one of the most common disorders of the central nervous system. Medical students are usually exposed to various triggers, which might have significant effects on their lives and their academic performance. The main objective of the study was to know the prevalence of migraine among medical students at DAU and to determine its effect on their daily activities.
Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was performed during the 2019 academic year at DAU University. One thousand students were examined. The data were collected by using a self-administered survey, which involved demographic-based questions and specific questions on headache according to the International Headache Society criteria for the diagnosis of migraine and other headache types. The statistical package for the social sciences program analyzed the collected data.
Results: Our study included 1,000 medical students, having their ages between 18 and 23 years. More than half of the participants were males (55%) and 45% were females. The participants were students from 2nd to 6th year. The prevalence of migraine among the participants was 15%. The most frequent migraine triggers among the study participants were prolonged computer work (26%), too little sleep (20%), not getting enough caffeine (13%), food (10%), and exercise (9%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of migraine among the participants was 15%. Migraine has serious adverse effects on patient quality of life, study performance, and work productivity. The most frequent migraine triggers among the participants were prolonged computer work, too little sleep, not getting enough caffeine, food, and exercise.

Key words: Migraine, daily activities, medical.

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