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EEO. 2021; 20(5): 4614-4621

Human Rights in Islam-A Comprehensive Package of Sanctity & Equality

Dr Kausar Arshad, Dr Muhammad Ismail, Dr. Kafait Ullah Hamdani.


Islam was established as a religion by the Almighty for this country. He designated Muhammad (PBUH) as the final prophet. He has declared it a responsibility of His servants to safeguard and care about one another's rights. He declared it illegal for the humans to violate or misuse those rights. The definition of human freedom in Islam is not confined to this earthly life. It continues to the Day of Judgement, since humans' rights are not confined to his or her life only. In Islam, man is valued in both this life and the life hereafter. Moreover, the Almighty has blessed man with Islam i.e. submitting or surrendering to the Almighty. Nobody could therefore enslave, embarrass, or abuse him. Nobody is permitted to drive him apart from the Almighty in order for him to worship someone or something else. Humans have the absolute right to gain a reasonable living without exploitation, fraud, theft, or causing damage to people or their assets. Humans have the right to survive in their culture and handle their life affairs independently without interference from anybody or anything, as far as their activities are within the limits of Islamic jurisprudence. These rights cannot be violated by others unless they have a legal right to do so.

Key words: Human rights, Islam, Quran, Sunnah, Sanctity, Equality

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