Profile of Antibiotic Resistant and Presence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from Nasal Swab of Dogs from Several Animal Clinics in Surabaya, Indonesia
Vega Decline,Mustofa Helmi Effendi,Reina Puspita Rahmaniar,Sheila Marty Yanestria,Nenny Harijani.
Aim: The research was to investigate the antibiotic resistance profile and to screen for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from nasal mucosa swab of dogs.
Materials and Methods: The samples were collected from 3 pet clinics, 3 K9 units, 1 veterinary teaching hospital and 1 kennel in Surabaya. Of the 50 total samples, 24 confirmed Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strains, which were used for antibiotic sensitivity tests using a disc diffusion method and screening of MRSA used Oxacillin Resistance Screening for Base (ORSAB).
Results: This study showed that there were differences in antibiotic resistance patterns among different locations. Fourteen isolates were screened for MRSA by culture on ORSAB.
Conclusions: MRSA carriage were found on nasal swab of dogs, and dogs can act as reservoir of MRSA for spreading to human health.
Key words: Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Antibiotic Resistant, Dogs.