Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(5): 4199-4213

Pakistani EFL University Students’ Perceptions of How Language Anxiety Interacts with Socio-Cultural Factors to Affect their English Learning and Speaking: A Qualitative Analysis

Dr. Abdus Samad, Dr. Abdul Karim Khan, Dr.IhsanUllah Khan.

A few anxiety studies have indicated that certain socio-cultural factors, among other factors, could be responsible for students’ foreign language speaking anxiety (e.g. Lo, 2017; Yan &Horwitz, 2008). For example, Yan and Horwitz (2008) concluded that future studies should “direct clear attention to the sociocultural factors associated with language learning.” (p.175). A careful review of language anxiety research reveals that the majority of studies in this field have associated language anxiety with factors such as linguistics-related, classroom-related, teacher-related and student-related. Very little attention has been paid to date in relation to students’ immediate socio-cultural contexts. In particular, to the best of my knowledge, no study in Pakistan has examined these factors in relation to anxiety. This study attempts to fill this gap by investigating the perspectives of Pakistani EFL university students about socio-cultural factors that could cause their speaking anxiety (SA). Semi-structured Interviews were utilised as a data collection tool. The data were collected from five university departments, each in a different public sector university in Pakistan. The sample comprised 20 postgraduate non-English major Pakistani male and female students, four from each university. The data were analysed through exploratory content analysis. The data reveal a number of sociocultural-related sources of SA including students’ geographic background, students’ pre-university English education, the role of students’ parents, social and cultural trends, cultural alienation, and mixed-gender classrooms. It appears that these sources of SA have not been previously reported upon in the literature. Therefore, this study may serve as an index for future writers. This study contributes to the existing knowledge by suggesting that language anxiety can be investigated beyond the cognitive and psychological dimensions. Finally, implications and suggestions for further studies are offered.

Key words: language learning, speaking anxiety (SA), socio-cultural factors

Similar Articles

extract promotes M2 polarization and reduces oligomeric amyloid-β-induced inflammatory reactions in microglial cells.
Sun ZQ, Liu JF, Luo W, Wong CH, So KF, Hu Y, Chiu K
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(1): 203-209

Traumatic brain injury induced by exposure to blast overpressure via ear canal.
Ou Y, Clifton BA, Li J, Sandlin D, Li N, Wu L, Zhang C, Chen T, Huang J, Yu Y, Allison J, Fan F, Roman RJ, Shaffery J, Zhou W, Pang Y, Zhu H
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(1): 115-121

Circadian factors in comorbid insomnia and sleep apnea (COMISA).
Sweetman A, Reynolds A, Lack LC
Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep M. 2021; ():

Taijiquan and qigong as a mindfulness cognitive-behavioural based therapy on the treatment of cothymia in school-age children - A preliminary study.
Rodrigues JM, Lopes L, Gonçalves M, Machado JP
Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2021; 26(): 329-338

Individual versus collective debriefing after interprofessional training course simulation: the randomised DEBRIEF-SIM trial.
Ciceron F, Besch G, Benkhadra M, Rouge JA, Dupont G, Avena C, Laithier C, Girard C, Samain E, Pili-Floury S
Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine. 2021; (): 100828

Full-text options

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.