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Original Research

RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 196-200


Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan

Madiha Naz, Izhar Ahmad Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, Babar Shahbaz.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the women’s role and contribution in provision of household food security in rural Punjab.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study collected data from 420 rural households from three districts of Punjab through a simple random sampling technique. The data were analyzed through SPSS and logistic regression analysis was employed for bivariate analysis.
Results: We found that 49% of households were suffering from household food insecurity. Women performed a substantial role in food production such as participation in farming, labor force, and income-generating activities. Three fourth (75.7%) women participated in processing, preparing and allocating food for household members. The multivariate logistic analysis found a significant association of women's education, economic status, knowledge, and awareness about nutritious food, decision-making power, and economic autonomy with household food security. Whereas women’s age and household size were negatively associated with household food security.
Conclusion: Rural women play a decisive role in the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food for ensuring sustainable household food security. The study suggests empowering women through capacity building, income-generating opportunities, and vocational skills to overcome the household food insecurity in rural areas of Punjab.

Key words: Household food security, rural women, labor force, rural Punjab.






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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.