Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

pnr. 2021; 12(1): 20-26

Mental Health of Preschool and Primary School Children: Dynamics and Improvement

Valentina Spichak, Valentina Sirotinkina, Irina Sokolenova, Iuliia Akulinina.

Improving the mental health of children is one of the main tasks for modern society. The aim of the work is to study the dynamics of mental health in preschool and primary school children under a psychological and pedagogical experiment. The study was conducted at 12 kindergartens (250 children) and three primary schools (200 children) in 2018–2019, in Moscow (Russian Federation). Children of each age group were divided into two groups according to the time spent on the Internet. The control group spent up to 15 min a day. The experimen¬tal group had an uncontrolled pastime. In total, there were four groups. The performance indicators (average score) and the dynamics of aggression were studied. The parents were provided with a survey. Children and parents had lectures with psychologists and teachers during the second academic year. The number of students with high academic performance increased by 1.4 times in 2019 compared with that of 2018 (p ≤ 0.05). Meanwhile, the number of students with low academic performance decreased by 1.3 times (p ≤ 0.05). The aggression in preschoolers improved during 2018. Thus, instrumental aggression in the experimental group decreased by 1.6 times (p ≤ 0.01), indirect aggression by 1.2 times (p ≤ 0.05), verbal aggression by 1.2 times (p ≤ 0.05). The control group indicators decreased by 1.7 times (p ≤ 0.01), 1.9 times (p ≤ 0.01), and 1.4 times (p ≤ 0.01), respectively. The level of aggression also decreased in 2019. In the control group, instrumen¬tal aggression decreased by 1.4 times less (p ≤ 0.05), indirect aggression 1.6 times (p ≤ 0.01), and verbal aggression 1.5 times (p ≤ 0.05). Meanwhile, the experimental group indicators decreased to a lesser extent: 1.2 times (p ≤ 0.05), 1.2 times (p ≤ 0.05), and 1.3 times (p ≤ 0.05), respectively. The child aggression can be associated with an extra time spent on the Internet and the conniving attitude of parents. Children from the experimental group demonstrated aggressive behavior 1.5–1.7 times more often than children from the control group (p ≤ 0.01). The survey of parents showed the same pattern. Thus, connivance of aggression and an aggressive reaction to communication with teachers were more significant (0.5–0.7 times, p ≤ 0.05) in the experimental group compared with the control. The improvement of the behavior of children was successful already after 1 year of the experiment. The academic performance improved, while aggressiveness decreased in all groups.

Key words: academic performance, aggressive behavior, children, improvement, preschool age, primary school age

Similar Articles

The unintended consequences of the pandemic on non-pandemic research activities.
Walker J, Brewster C, Fontinha R, Haak-Saheem W, Benigni S, Lamperti F, Ribaudo D
Research policy. 2022; 51(1): 104369

Social skills and psychopathology are associated with autonomic function in children: a cross-sectional observational study.
Cainelli E, Vedovelli L, Bottigliengo D, Boschiero D, Suppiej A
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 920-928

Therapeutic potential of translocator protein ligands for age-related macular degeneration.
Li X, He Z, Shu X
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 793-794

Clinical Evaluation of the Rapid STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag Test for the Screening of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.
Kim HW, Park M, Lee JH
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 100-104

Prevalence of a Single-Nucleotide Variant of SARS-CoV-2 in Korea and Its Impact on the Diagnostic Sensitivity of the Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 Assay.
Hong KH, In JW, Lee J, Kim SY, Lee KA, Kim S, An Y, Lee D, Sung H, Kim JS, Lee H
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 96-99

Full-text options

Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.

ScopeMed Web Sites