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Assessment of the work profile of Accredited Social Health Activist workers in Kathua district of Jammu and Kashmir, India: A cross-sectional study

Kamna Singh, Anuj Kapoor.

Abstract
Background: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers and their activity are considered as one of the key components of National Health Mission (NHM). ASHA workers serve as an important link between community and health facilities.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the work profile of ASHA workers in Kathua district of Jammu and Kashmir.

Materials and Methods: The present prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Parole Block of district Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir from February 2019 to May 2019. A total of 176 rural ASHA workers were interviewed using a predesigned, pretested questionnaire after seeking informed consent.

Results: About 52.2% catered to a population of 5001000. About 34% of the workers were educated up to 10th standard and 10.7% up to 12th standard. About 64.2% of the ASHA workers are active in supporting institutional deliveries and 88% of the ASHAs made household visits for nutrition counseling.

Conclusions: ASHA acts as a first link between the community and health-care services. Thus, it is necessary to strengthen the role of ASHA on promotive and preventive health care services through regular joint training of ASHAs.

Key words: Accredited Social Health Activist Workers; Health Care Services; National Health Mission


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