Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat

Nirav N Patel, Devanshu J Patel, Haresh A Desai.

Abstract
Background: Drug utilization studies may help to measure various aspects such as disease pattern, medicine use, and prescribing patterns.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the drug utilization pattern of antimicrobials prescribed to the pediatric inpatients at a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: The study was prospective and observational based involving 200 pediatric inpatients of Parul Sevashram Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat. Relevant information was obtained from the interview as well the hospital case record. Structured and pre-tested formats were prepared for compiling the data.

Results: The majority of the patients (43.5%) were in the age group between 2 and 12 years. The most common indications for antimicrobial use included gastrointestinal diseases (22%), respiratory diseases (17.5%), and genitourinary diseases (13.5%). Cephalosporins (65.5%) were most frequently prescribed antimicrobials followed by aminoglycosides (40%). 73.3% of antimicrobials were prescribed by branded names. The average number of antimicrobials prescribed per patient was 2.21. 93.4% of antimicrobials have been included in the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines. A total of 13 adverse drug reactions were reported from prescribed antimicrobials.

Conclusions: Medicine utilization assessment can facilitate rational use of medicines in pediatric patients.

Key words: Pediatric Patients; Antimicrobial Utilization Pattern; Rational


Full-text options

Full-text Article


Share this Article


Readers of this article also read the following articles
»Antioxidant and Immunostimulant Effect of Carica Papaya Linn. Aqueous Extract in Acrylamide Intoxicated Rats
»Traumatic tension pneumocephalus mimic
»Healthcare Professionals’ Perceptions Towards Family Presence During Resuscitation at Tertiary Care Hospital, Islamabad
»Effect of Serum Treatment with Chloroform on Increasing Specificity of Rose Bengal Test for Diagnosis of Brucellosis
»Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
»Effect of Zizyphus Jujuba Fruits on Dyslipidemia in Obese Adolescents: a Triple-masked Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
»Effectiveness of prebiotic as an alternative to the antimicrobial growth promoter on growth performance, blood constituents, intestinal healthiness and immunity of broilers.
»Vasogenic Shock Secondary to an Intentional Overdose of Multiple Antihypertensives in a patient with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
»The Prevalence of Some Parasitic Zoonoses in Different Slaughtered Animal Species at Abattoir in the Mid-Delta of Egypt; with Special Reference to its Economic Implications
»Genetic Diversity of Vibrio Parahemolyticus Isolated from some Shellfish
»Incidence of Some Food Poisoning Bacteria in Raw Meat Products with Molecular Detection of Salmonella in Al Beida City, Libya
»Results of external fixator treatment in distal radius intra-articular fractures
»Prevalence of equine herpes viruses 1 and 4 in Arabian horses population in Egypt
»Public Health Risks Of Biogenic Amines From Curd Dairy Products
»Fournier’s Gangrene with Extension into Deep Tissues
»Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens
»Impact of Patients’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Hypertension on Compliance with Antihypertensive Drugs in a Resource-poor Setting
»Sanitation and hygienic practices of young children in rural area of Assam
»Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate-based Isopropylamine formulation to Juvenile African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)
»A curious case of 's-l-o-o-o-o-o-o-w' fever
»Isolation, Serotyping, Pathogenicity and Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing of Escherichia Coli from Broiler Chickens in Egypt
»Some Studies on The Health Status and Productivity of Rice - Cultured Tilapia
»A Case of Hepatic Portal Venous Gas in a Neonate with Necrotizing Enterocolitis
»Occurrence of Encysted Metacercariae in Tilapia Nilotica (Oreochromusniloticus) in Alexandria Province and their Public Health Significance
»HIV/AIDS, sexual practices, reproductive health and risk assessment among informal sector workers in Ondo State Nigeria
»Simultaneous Detection of Brucella, Leptospira, Mycoplasma and Listeria Species by Multiplex-PCR
»Effect of CIDR Application Duration (7-10-14 Days) on Circulating Estrogen and Progesterone during Breeding and Non- Breeding Season in She-Camels
»Effect of Sex, Age and Time of the Day on Vital Parameters of Apparently Healthy West African Dwarf Goats in Abeokuta, Nigeria
»Impulsivity in patients with obesity and correlations with body perception and self-esteem
»Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in backyard and commercial layer chickens in Bhola district, Bangladesh
»Impact of Dietary Supplementation with Cress Seeds (Lepidium Sativum L.) on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Behavior of Broilers



Advertisement
Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.