Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts RSS - TOC

Assessment of the Anti-diabetic Effect of Bauhinia variegata Gold Nano-Extract against Streptozotocin Induced Diabetes Mellitus in Rats

Abeer Hamed Abdel-Halim, Amal Abdel Azeem Fyiad, Wael Mahmoud Aboulthana, Nermin Mohammed El-Sammad, Ahmed Mahmoud Youssef, Mamdouh Moawad Ali.


Background:Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common type of the metabolic endocrine disorders. It is categorized as the third cause of death after heart and cancer diseases. Due to the undesirable side effects of the synthetic anti-diabetic drugs, the medicinal plants were selected for DM treatment.The recent studies directed to use nanotechnology in medicine to overcome restrictions of the drugs that were represented by weak bioavailability, insolubility in water, low absorption by the intestine and inability to reach to the appropriate site of action. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the antioxidant, antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effect of Bauhinia variegata (B. variegata) extract before and after incorporating gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) against DM induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. Materials and Methods: The present study conducted on 36 male albino Western rats divided into 6 groups (control, B. variegata extract treated group, B. variegata gold nano-extract treated group, diabetic group (injected by STZ intrapretinoally (i.p.) at a dose of 60 mg/kg), diabetic rats treated with B. variegata extract and B. variegata gold nano-extract groups). The DM related biochemical functions (liver and kidney functions, glucose, insulin and lipid profile) were assayed. Moreover, the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were assayed in addition to lipid peroxidation products in liver and pancreas. Furthermore, the native protein, lipoprotein patterns and isoenzymes were electrophoretically studied. Results: It was found that administration of both B. variegata extract and nano-extract to diabetic rats ameliorated the deleterious effects that occurred as a result of STZ injection and restored the biochemical functions in addition to levels of hepatic and pancreatic antioxidants to normalcy. These findings were supported by the histopathological examination. Conclusion: It was concluded that B. variegata nano-extract exhibit more antidiabetic through restoring the normal architecture of pancreatic β-cells in addition to the antioxidant and hypolipidemic effect than extract alone, which indicated the increment of efficacy of B. variegata extract after the incorporation of nanoparticle.

Key words: Diabetes mellitus, Bauhinea variegata, Streptozotocin, Nanotechnology.

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.