Background and aim: Personality characteristics and coping attitudes of pregnant women may affect their fear of childbirth. This research was conducted to determine the effect of personality traits of pregnants and their ways of coping with stress on the fear of childbirth.
Methods: This descriptive research was carried out with 416 pregnant women who applied to the outpatient clinics of a public hospital between October 2017- March 2018. Data were obtained through Pregnant Presentation Form and Ten Item Personality Inventory, Inventory for Coping With Stress Attitudes (ICSA) and Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire Version A (W-DEQ V-A). In statistical evaluation number, percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson correlation analysis were used.
Results: 34,1% of pregnants with a mean age of 28,80±5,89 were primary school graduates and 79,1% were unemployed and 78,1% stated that their income was equal to the expenses. The average score of W-DEQ V-A was 68,39±23,60. A significant low-level correlation was found between the W-DEQ V-A mean total score and the TIPIs extraversion, emotional stabi-lity, openness to experiences, conscientiousness and agreeableness sub-dimensions (r= -0.103, -0.219, -0.161, -0.134, -0.157; p< 0.05) and a significant low-level correlation was found between the W-DEQ V-A mean total score and ICSAs inclining towards religion, looking for outside help, escape-isolation (emotional-operational), escape-isolation (bio-chemical) ((r= -0.111, -0.223, -0.182, -0.147; p
Key words: Pregnancy, personality traits, coping with stress, childbirth, fear of childbirth
Article Language: Turkish English