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Med Arch. 2021; 75(3): 189-193

Genetic Variants of RPL5 and RPL9 Genes among Saudi Patients Diagnosed with Thrombosis

Fathelrahman M Hassan, Afnan Alsultan, Faisal Alzahrani, Waleed Albuali, Dalal Bubshait, Elfadil Abass, Mudathir Elbasheer, Abdulmohsen Alkhanbashi.

Background:Thrombosis directly affects the quality of life with increased mortality. The RPL5 (L5) gene on intron 6 on chromosome 1p22, rs6604026 is associated with multiple sclerosis risk, whereas RPL9 (L9) on 8 exons on chromosome 4p14 has been documented so far as being an essential involvement in the proliferation of protein synthesized cells mostly by gene products. Objective: The aim of this work was to assess genetic variants of RPL5 and RPL9 and thrombosis to characterize their role in the diagnosis of thrombosis among the Saudi population. Methods: The cross-sectional study involved 100 Saudi patients diagnosed with thrombosis (arterial or venous) in 50 healthy individuals as controls in the same age and sex groups. Primers were designed RPL5 and RPL9 for molecular analysis. The Sanger System ABI-3730xL (Hong Kong) automatic sequencing was used for DNA sequencing. Statistical analysis was performed using the Prism 5 and SPSS version-21 programs. Results: The male / female age ratio was 66.7 / 57.4, and the mean age was 61.2 years. Most of the patients were self-identifiable and without a previous history of thrombosis (61.0%). Most of the patients had just been diagnosed, that is, in the last five years (74.0%), about 43% of the patients underwent treatment using combination therapy (Aspirin and oral anticoagulants). New gene variants of RPL5 (5 SNPs) and RPL9 (9 SNPs) were detected in Saudi thrombotic patients. Conclusion: Mutations in RPL5 and RPL9 were reported in all thrombotic patients, represented by a new variant of the ribosomal protein gene and correlated with thrombosis in the Saudi population. These results may reflect an association between the ribosomal protein SNP gene and the incidence and progression of thrombosis in the Saudi population.

Key words: Genetic variants, Ribosomal protein genes, RPL5, RPL9 Thrombosis, Saudi population

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