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Sokoto J. Vet. Sci.. 2020; 18(1): 33-38

Comparison of electrocardiographic parameters of racing and non-racing horses in Sokoto Nigeria

B Saidu, AJ Ishaq, HM Ibrahim, A Dahiru, AM Abdullahi, C Onwuchekwa, N Abduazeez, NN Pilau, A Abdulrasheed & AJ Bamaiyi.


The study was conducted due to the economic importance of horses and shortage of information on electrocardiographic parameters of horses in Sokoto, Nigeria. This study established the normal electrocardiographic parameters of racing and non-racing horses in Sokoto and statistically compared the values. The study used forty horses comprising of 20 racing and 20 non-racing horses with mean age of 8±0.5 years and average weight of 200±2.0kg. ECG was recorded using the base apex system with the animals in standing position using single lead channel ECG recorder (EDAN VE-100 manufactured by Edan instruments China). The paper speed was set at 25mm/s while the sensitivity of the machine was adjusted to 10mm/mV. The durations and amplitudes of P, R and T were determined, the duration of Q and S were also determined and the durations of PR, QRS and QT intervals were also determined. These parameters were determined for the three standard limb leads (I, II and III) as well as the augmented limb leads (aVR, aVL and aVF). Descriptive statistics using Windows SPSS version 16 was used to calculate the means and standard error of mean at 95% confidence interval. One-way ANOVA was used to compare between the values of the racing and non-racing horses. The highest values of P amplitude, R amplitude, Q amplitude, QRS complex and P-R interval were recorded in racing horses, while highest T wave amplitude was recorded in non-racing horses. Highest duration of P wave, T wave and QRS was recorded in racing horses while highest duration of Q wave was recorded in non-racing horses. Statistically significant difference was found in the T amplitude in lead aVF between the racing and non-racing horses. The mean heart rate for the racing and non-racing horses was 80.3 ±8.4 and 63.1±9.2 beats/minute respectively. Higher values recorded in racing horses indicates that exercise has influence on electrical activities in horses

Key words: Electrocardiograph, non-racing horses, parameters, racing horses, Sokoto

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