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Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(1): 500-508


METHODS OF TEACHING PROGRAMS AND CURRICULA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN IRAQ AND U.K

¹Nada Abbas Anoon AL-Sultani, ²Muna M.Abbas. Al-Khateeb.


Abstract

The Higher Education stage is an important stage in student numbers, as it has essential and vital consequences for it to meet students' needs, desires, aspirations and numbers at the same time to meet the needs of society and the requirements of its development plans and is by virtue of its functions and location at the top of the educational ladder set by the state philosophy, as it plays a balanced educational and social role as it prepares its students and prepares them to integrate into the scientific life according to their professional preparations and capabilities.
This study states if the higher education system of Iraq differs from the higher education in the united kingdom. Also, illustrates the relationship between curricula and programs of the higher education systems which both countries follow. On the basis of differences and similarities and how the two systems of higher education have developed. The researcher anticipated that comparative study between western and eastern countries Asia and Europe, two different cultures will certainly enhance the teaching process in Iraq, especially after the thread of wars and political affairs.
The purpose of this study was to gain insight comparison on a higher education institutions in Iraq and U.K that have flourished as key providers of higher education in U.K, how these institutions facilitate access to higher education in Iraq and U.K, and to what extent higher education institutions contribute to the achievement of national higher education goal. Concerning the best methods of teaching programs as well as curricula. The researcher also examined the extent to which the new trends framework, which supports the notion of education as a tool for economic development, is appropriate for understanding how higher education is unfolding in Iraqi universities. Although the principles are evident within the Iraqi higher education system framework alone is insufficient in providing a full understanding of how p higher education is unfolding. The findings of the study suggest that system of higher education curricula and programs will serve to challenge the status by making higher education accessible to members of the society who have been previously marginalized and underserved by the public higher education system. Local private higher education institutions in Iraq have emerged in response to excess demand for higher education that the government was unable disclaimer. This paper further provides recommendations as well as suggested criteria for development.
Hence the importance of research by revealing all elements of a good curriculum in terms of its content, objectives, method of teaching, accompanying educational activities and educational methods used to implement the curriculum and evaluating those components and updating them according to what is required by modern society. The research problem lies in evaluating the curriculum of teaching methods in Higher Education in Iraq and its appropriateness for the time period in terms of objectives, content, educational aids and accompanying activities and how to teach it. The study aimed to evaluate the curriculum of teaching methods for higher education students in Iraq with a comparison with the higher education method in Iraq Britain.
The researcher used the descriptive method to suit the nature of solving the research problem. The research community was deliberately chosen from the teaching methods master and PhD programs at Higher Education in Iraq and the United Kingdom with a descriptive comparison of results with methods of teaching curriculum methods in Britain through the descriptive research approach.
It has been found that there is an association between the content of the curriculum of teaching methods and other sciences in Higher Education and that the curriculum increases the culture of students in a subject and develops their hobbies and raises them scientific thinking, and provides them with






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