Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of family and social support on smoking cessation during the first six months after the cessation trial.
Methods: The files of 312 patients who applied to the Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine Family Medicine Smoking Cessation Polyclinic between January 2011 and January 2012 were scanned and their sociodemographic data, smoking characteristics, Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependence Test (FNBT) score and treatment methods were recorded. These people were called by phone and a five-minute structured interview was conducted and their quit rate was investigated. They were also interviewed with a ten-point Likeert Scale (0 = Never, 10= Excellent) who assessed the support they received from the family and social environment during the cessation phase.
Findings: 190 (61%) of the cases were male and 122 (39%) were female. The mean FNBT score of the group was 5.1 ± 1.7 while the package / year value was 22.3 ± 18.7. Of the 185 cases in which the drug (Varenicline or Bupropion) treatment was started, 87 (47%) were not receiving NRT, and 36 (28%) of 127 cases were NRT. The total social and family support scores of both sexes were not statistically significant (Male = 41,32 ± 15,28, female = 44,36 ± 15,98, t = 1,495, p = 0,136). Total social and familial support score (OR = 1,024), FNBT score (OR = 0.914) and total treatment duration (OR = 1,048) were found as independent factors on smoking cessation according to the Binary Logic Regression Model.
Conclusion: Family smoking and smoking cessation decision, dropout and post-withdrawal family and social support are important factors for both sexes, and detailed research is needed.
Smoking, family, social support, family, primary care
Article Language: Turkish English