Cancer accounts for 20% of the causes of death and occupies the second place as a reason of mortality after cardiovascular disease, but the incidence of childhood cancer is little (less than 1% of new cases in western populations). However, in many countries, it is the second or third cause of death in children. All around the world, the main reasons causing death in children are accidents and inadequate nutrition. In countries where this trend has declined, cancer has become the leading cause of death in this young population. Almost 50% of malignancies occur in children aged 0-5 years.Today, cancer is considered a threatening disease for both children and adolescents, but not always fatal. However, not only is it essential to cure the biological cognition but also the psychological (i.e. to know that the child or teenager is suffering from cancer) and the social aspect (the reintegration of the child and adolescent into society without stigma).
The scope of this study is to investigate the current clinical and psychological management of young patients and children in order to reintegrate children and adolescents into the social life smoothly.
Key words: cancer, children, stress, fear, management, adolescents