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IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1166-1170

The pattern of varieties of brain tumors in an academic center in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Salah Mohammed Taha Bakry, Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui.


Background: Brain tumors are considerably marked with disability and mortality and have a substantial effect on both patients and healthcare system. Understanding its patterns and epidemiological characteristics that are related and connected to brain tumors could be vital to their treatment as well as demographical and gender distribution. Thereby, this study aimed to discover the patterns and frequency of brain neoplasms in an academic center in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all the hospital records of brain tumors and neoplasms. The patients admitted in 2018 were reviewed and investigated. The collected data included patients' demographic characteristics, neoplasm location, laboratory findings, past medical history, and past surgical and social histories.
Results: During the aforementioned period, a total of 37 patients with primary brain tumors were admitted. The mean age for participants was 52.86 ± 20.39 years, while the mean time of hospitalization for participants was 7.05 ± 9.63 days. Tumor location was mostly at the supra-tentorial region, followed by infra-tentorial region with no significances. Most of the participants had no past medical or surgical histories; however, majority of them were actively smoking.
Conclusion: The male gender was common and supra-tentorial tumor was more prevalent among participants; however, there was no significant difference between males and females regarding location.

Key words: Tumor pattern, brain tumor, brain neoplasms, frequency, Makkah.

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