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Review Article

A Review of Medicinal Plants Affecting Exercise and Physical Health Factors in Athletes

Shiravand Masoud1, Rezapour Maryam2, Rezapour Sadegh3, Mardani Mahnaz4*, Bahmani Mahmoud5.

Background: Medicinal plants have long been considered and have a long history, especially in eastern countries. Today, some of these herbs are used as sports supplements and studies have been done on the effects of some of them on some of the functional factors and general health of athletes and non-athletes. Most of these studies have confirmed the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect and regulatory effect on body metabolism due to the intentional and scientific use of these herbs, as well as the greater partial efficacy of some of these herbs along with exercise.
Methods: In this review article, using dozens of articles as well as credible sources, the effects of some of these supplements and herbal remedies (Curcuma longa, Cinnamomum verum, Camellia sinensis, Zingiber officinale, Crocus sativus, and Allium sativum) on general health and fitness of athletes and non-athletes have been studied.

Results: After searching, screening and qualitative evaluation of the studies, at the end of the final synthesis, 88 articles were performed. Most of these studies have confirmed the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of these herbs, and have also emphasized the greater efficacy of these herbs along with exercise.
Conclusion: Different studies have been done on the effects of herbal remedies with exercise. However, in most of these studies the protocols of exercise and physical activity were not based on specific principles and, more importantly, the dosage of these herbal remedies in human samples was the same for different individuals and not based on body weight or time and type of exercise.

Key words: Medicinal herbs, General health, Physical fitness

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