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Anesthesia management of open tracheostomy patients: A single center experience

Erol Karaaslan, Mehmet Ridvan Yalin.


The purpose of the present study of ours was to evaluate anesthesia management and complications in open technique tracheostomy cases. This study was conducted in 105 patients who underwent tracheostomy. The patients were retrospectively screened. The demographic data, anesthesia management, length of hospital stay, Intensive Care Unit stay, mortality, perioperative, postoperative, and early complications of the patients were evaluated. The average age of the patients was 20-91 (60±14.92) years. ASA scores were as follows: 54 cases (51.4%) were ASA II; 45 cases (42.8%) were ASA III; and 6 cases (5.7%) were ASA IV. The most common complaints of the patients were as follows: Head-neck tumor in 75 cases (71.4%). The anesthesia methods were as follows: General anesthesia in 92 cases (87.6%), and sedoanalgesia in 13 cases (12.4%). The most common complications were as follows: Bleeding in 5 patients (4.7%) in the perioperative period; and respiratory failure in 19 patients (18.1%) in the postoperative period. Postoperative mortality was seen in 6 cases (5.7%). There was a statistically significant difference between the mortality rates, hospital stay, and age (P: 0.008) (P

Key words: Anesthesia management, open tracheostomy, mortality

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