|IJMDC. 2020; 4(12): 2149-2152
Quality of life of children with acute cough: a cross-sectional study
Abdulaziz Musaad Abdulaziz Aldayel, Moath Sulieman Mohammed Aljabri, Abdulaziz Jarallah N. Alobaidi, Nouf Adel Hadi Hakami, Faris Ali Saeed Al Ghasib, Mohammed Fawzi Jameel Mujallid, Abdullah Odah Alahmari, Mohammed Saud Alenzi.
Background: Cough is a common symptom during childhood. It leads to many medical consultations, affects the quality of life (QoL), and places a considerable burden on the parents. The aim of this study was to assess the QoL of children with acute cough using the Parent-proxy Childrens Acute Cough-specific QoL (PAC-QoL) Questionnaire.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study in which the online PAC-QoL Questionnaire was used. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM, version 22) was used, and a two-tailed p-value of 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Two hundred children had participated in the present study; their mean age was 4.3 ± 1.5 years. The majority of children were female (65%). On day 3, 140 children were still coughing. The median cough duration was 4 days [Interquartile Range (IQR): 2-5 days] and the median cough Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score was 7 (IQR: 4-8). 107 children were still coughing on day 14, and the change in the PAC-QoL scores significantly correlated with the change in VAS (p-value = 0.011) and emotional and social domains with a p-value of 0.03 and 0.04, respectively.
Conclusion: Acute cough is common in preschool children and is more prevalent in females. Approximatel =one-half of the children had recovered from cough in 14 days. Acute cough in children had a negative impact on the health-related QoL domains.
Key words: Cough, children, parents, quality of life