"Background: Tobacco consumption is considered as a major public health problem in India. However, nicotine dependency is an area which has not been given much importance. The FTND score is con-sidered as an easy tool to assess the dependence through physiological and behavioural symptoms.
Aim and Objectives: To assess the nicotine dependence of the tobacco users in urban slums of Ahmeda-bad city.
Methodology: Nicotine dependence among tobacco users (18-60 years) was studied by means of six -item. (Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine De-pendence) in a community based interventional cluster randomized trial which was conducted through house to house survey from 20 clus-ters (slums) of Ahmedabad district.
Result: Among 1968 people sur-veyed, a total of 400 subjects in in-tervention and control arm were in-terviewed. The prevalence of tobac-co use was 20.3%. 23 % of the tobac-co users had high to very high de-pendence. The overall FTND score was 4.5 and score for smoking was high 5.4 (2.2).
Conclusion: A medium level of de-pendence was observed among the tobacco users in the current study. Tobacco intervention study can be more effective and productive if a baseline assessment of nicotine de-pendence is measured before any intervention."
Tobacco, Urban slums, Fragerstrom test for nicotine dependence.
Effects of electroacupuncture on pain sensation in a rat model of hyperalgesia with nicotine dependence.
Wang SJ, Zhang YP, Candiotti KA
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 905-910
Leukoaraiosis is associated with clinical symptom severity, poor neurological function prognosis and stroke recurrence in mild intracerebral hemorrhage: a prospective multi-center cohort study.
Xu TQ, Lin WZ, Feng YL, Shen FX, Chen J, Wu WW, Zhu XD, Gu L, Fu Y
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 819-823
Clinical Evaluation of the Rapid STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag Test for the Screening of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2.
Kim HW, Park M, Lee JH
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 100-104
Rethinking the health implications of society-environment relationships in built areas: An assessment of the access to healthy and hazards index in the context of COVID-19.
Moore HE, Hill B, Siriwardena AN, Tanser F, Spaight R
Landscape and urban planning. 2022; 217(): 104265
An In Vitro Model System to Test Mechano-Microbiological Interactions Between Bacteria and Host Cells.
Santos LC, Munteanu EL, Biais N
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2364(): 217-235