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Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 165-171

Depression and anxiety on post-bariatric surgery among Saudi Adults residing in Abha, Asir Province, Saudi Arabia

Sultan Alsubaie, Ghaida Asiri, Elham Asiri, Fatimah Alqahtani, Ghada Bredy, Dafer Alshehri.


Background: Obesity is related to several mental and physical disorders; individuals can experience deterioration in mental health. Several psychological symptoms may be improved following bariatric surgery; however, some patients show no improvement, and may even get worse. The period after bariatric surgery is critical as in this period depression and anxiety can be developed. The present study aims to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their associated factors post-bariatric surgery among adults in Abha, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study of post-bariatric surgery patients was conducted in Abha, Saudi Arabia, between June 1, 2020, and June 28, 2020. An online survey using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 as diagnostic tools was conducted to screen for depression and anxiety after bariatric surgery.
Results: Of those surveyed, 30.4% developed depression and 33% anxiety following bariatric surgery. Younger patients had a higher chance of post-surgery complications and of developing anxiety or depression in the 2 years following the procedure.
Conclusion: Our study highlighted a higher prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in bariatric surgery patients, especially in the 2 years following the procedure.

Key words: Bariatric surgery, depression, anxiety, clinical epidemiology, Saudi Arabia

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