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Maternal and neonatal outcomes of couvelaire uterus

Ayse Rabia Senkaya, Fethiye Umut, Alper Ileri, Suna Yildirim Karaca, Hakki Aytac, Deniz Can Oztekin.


Couvelaire uterus is a life-threatening condition in which placental abruption causes bleeding that penetrates the uterine myometrium. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors of Couvelaire uterus and maternal and neonatal outcomes. Obstetrics emergency clinic data between January 2013 – December 2019 were screened and placental abruption patients confirmed by pathology or surgery note were recruited. Patients were divided into two groups; with or without Couvelaire uterus. Clinical features; such as maternal age, gravida, parity, gestational age at delivery, comorbidities, chief complaint, ultrasonography examination, placental pathology, degree of placental separation, DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation), required hysterectomy and transfusion, maternal hemoglobin, maternal or fetal ICU (intensive care unit) admission, neonatal birth weight, APGAR 1’ and 5’ scores were compared. Age, gravida, and parity were significantly higher in patients with couvelaire uterus (p

Key words: Couvelaire uterus, fetal mortality, placental abruption, pregnancy, risk factors

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