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Hepatitis B and C and the use of biosecurity measures by manicures and pedicures of the city of Maceió, Brazil

Joao Paulo dos Santos, Mercia Ribeiro Leite Setton, Karwhory Wallas Lins da Silva, Yaskara Veruska Ribeiro Barros.




Abstract
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Background: The hepatitis B and C can be transmitted in beauty salons, through the use and sharing of materials with sharp objects.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted as part of an ongoing trial to assess the seroepidemiological profile (for hepatitis B and C) in manicures and pedicures (n = 30) from salons of the city of Maceió, Brazil. Moreover assess their knowledge about these diseases and biosecurity practices used (Ethical Review number,175261138.00000039).
Results: The results showed that 60% of the participants were between 26 and 40 years of age, among these, 65% say having done vocational college and 53.34% completed high school. With respect to the research of hepatitis B and C in these individuals, have not been found serological markers for these viruses in no professional evaluated. With regard to vaccination status, only 50% of volunteers vaccinated for hepatitis B were immunized. With respect to the transmission of these diseases, 70% of individuals had no knowledge about this. On Biosafety assessment, 80% were not sterilization process control and 50% of them used personal protective equipment.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that these professionals need to be made aware about biosecurity for the professional exercise and about the importance of immunization and examination of anti-HBS as a form of prevention for hepatitis B.

Key words: Hepatitis, Manicures, Biosafety






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