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Research Article

JCR. 2019; 6(6): 647-652


MULTIMODAL COMA STIMULATION PROGRAMME AND PHYSIOTHERAPY INTERVENTION ON COMA RECOVERY IN TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY PATIENTS : AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

SUCHITRA MENON, DR. MOHD IRSHAD QURESHI.

Abstract
Traumatic Brain Injury ( TBI ) is of the most important cause of death and disability. About 1.7
million of them are admitted to TBI emergency departments. Falls are the leading cause of TBI (32%) followed
by incidents involving motor vehicles / traffic (19%) (1) . After the injury the person may experience state of
coma due to the head injury caused . Coma is a state of unresponsiveness to any stimuli given. Here the person
won’t be responding to any kind of visual , auditory or tactile sensations and also there won’t be any spontaneous
eye opening seen. This research aims to assess the efficacy of multimodal coma stimulation programme on
recovery in traumatic brain injury patients .In an experimental study, subjects (n = 50) with Traumatic brain injury
will be recruited. The participants will be enrolled into either experimental or control group with 1:1 allocation
ratio. Participants in experimental group will receive both multimodal coma stimulation programme and
conventional therapy over a period of 3-week after all baseline assesments are doneParticipants in control group
would undergo only conventional therapy. Throughout the treatment duration tnecessary vitals required shall be
continuously monitored . Also the results noted would be by recording the responses generated once the coma
stimulation is given i.e it shall be recorded every day.The goal of this clinical trial is to examine the effectiveness
of multimodal coma stimulation programme along with conventional physiotherapy on coma recovery in TBI
patients. To conclude the research the level of consciousness of the patient must be assessed to identify the
recovery. The study findings would help the patients with TBI to overcome the stage of coma which would be
helpful in their faster rehabilitation process.

Key words: Coma, Stimulation, Brain Injury, Physiotherapy


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