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Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(3): 1864-1875

An Empirical study of learning styles used by undergraduate English learners in public sector colleges in Pakistan

Azhar Munir Bhatti, Furrakh Abas, Abdul Majid Khan Rana.

The current study aims at exploring the learning styles used by undergraduate English learners in public-sector colleges in Pakistan. The study is descriptive and expository as it uses the quantitative approach. There is dearth of empirical evidence in Pakistani context available to determine the learning styles used by undergraduate English learners, therefore, the current study is an endeavour to bridge the gap. There are normally three categories of English learners who study English at undergraduate level. These categories are based on the respective discipline of learners and categories are students of Arts (BA), students of Sciences (BSc.) and students of Commerce (BCom.). The current empirical study using the survey approach was conducted by adopting the questionnaire developed by Oxford and has been widely used across the globe to explore the area of learning styles. The close-ended questionnaire developed on 4-point likert scale was administered to a sample of 300 English learners. Stratified sampling was done as each category of learners comprised equal proportion of respondents i.e. 100 learners from each stratum. In order to analyse the data, the researchers used independent sample t test, ANOVA, and bivariate correlation. The findings reveal that male were more prone towards using visual, verbal, and interpersonal learning styles whereas female respondents were in favour of intrapersonal and aural style. There was significant difference in using learning style by the undergraduate English learners hailing from rural or urban background except in using physical learning where there was no significant difference. The results of One-way ANOVA on the base of economic background reveals that only significant difference was there in choosing interpersonal and intrapersonal learning style otherwise there was no statistical difference among other leaning styles. It is concluded from the study that the students of Arts and the students of Sciences have similar learning style choice while the choice of learning styles by students of Commerce were quite different. The study implicates that the findings of the study can be incorporated in dealing with each category of students in order to yield productive results.

Key words: Learning Style, undergraduate learners, English, college

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