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Effects of Yogasana and Pranayama on lipid profile in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus – A prospective study

Anita Jain, Hardikkumar A Mistry, Narendra Pathak.


Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic hyperglycaemic syndrome prevalent worldwide which predisposes to increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Dyslipidaemia significantly contributes to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other morbidities in these subjects. Several studies conducted in the past shows that the non-pharmacological approach such as lifestyle modification that is yoga practices on daily basis have resulted in improvement in dyslipidemia status in cardiovascular disease.

Aim and Objectives: This study was conducted to study the effect of Yogic Asanas on lipid profile in type 2 diabetic subjects.

Materials and Methods: This is a prospective randomized control study. We enrolled 80 Type 2 diabetic subjects both males and females in the age group of 40–60 years based on inclusion and exclusion criteria from January 2021 to September 2021. Before and after 3 months of yoga and pranayama repeat fasting blood samples were taken from all the participants for lipid profile parameters estimation. All the results obtained before and after yoga and pranayama were compared using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20, student paired t test. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Yogic exercises significantly benefits the diabetes patients with their lipid profile levels.

Conclusion: Yogic exercises would give benefit to the patient by reducing cholesterol and low- density lipoprotein cholesterol levels as well as increasing high-density lipoprotein levels and improve the status of patients in terms of use of less medicine, improvement of physical well-being leading to complication-free life.

Key words: Dyslipidemia; Type 2 Diabetes; Yogic Asanas; Pranayama; Lipid Profile

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