The paper considers a notion minority indigenous peoples, analyses the interpretation of terms minority and indigenous people, sets a question about using them in the scientific discourses and social-political practices. The research is aimed at analyzing a heuristic status and a practice-oriented function of these terms as scientific categories. Methods of historiographic,terminological,conceptographic and comparative analyses, which are used in the paper, problematisation andthematisationof the terms analyzed, historical-legaland historical-topologicalmethods on a specifichistorical materialshow thepermanency of the peoples migrationto various world regionswith their subsequentrootingon a new territoryand interaction with the peoples who came there earlier. A critical analysis of using the term indigenous peoples in the modern sciencesand legal documentsmade it possible to conclude that the term does not meet the criteria of a scientific notion or a category. It is often related to myth construction of national histories. In the context ofinterethnic interrelation,the term indigenous peoples is fraught with a conflict-generating potentialand can serve as adangerous weapon in the arsenal of radical forces and those for which their actions are politically advantageous.
Key words: Indigenous researches, ethnoculturalintegrity, identity ethnic lifestyle, minority ethnic groups, myth construction, scientific category, concept