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Review Article

SRP. 2021; 12(3): 456-459


The First Investigation Of The Spread Of Parasitic Infection And Its Relation To Food Groups In The Hedgehog Caught From The City Of Samawah , Al-Muthanna Province.

Farhan Ala Allah Eabaid, Yassir Dakheel Kremsh Alasadiy, Nadia Hussein Ali Saoudi.

Abstract
The current research is the first study on parasitic infection in hedgehog and its relation to food items, total (73) specimens of hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) were collected from different area in Samawah city for the period from march- august 2019. The results showed that 18 hedgehogs were infected with a total percentage of 24.66.
The results of the current study proved that the hedgehog animal was infected with six species of parasites ,the total infection with one species of parasites was 9.52, while the total infection with two species of parasites was 6.80 and reported one of infection with three species of parasites was recorded by total infection 4.762,statistical analysis showed no significant differences at the level of P ≤ 0.05 in the percentage of infection between males and females of long-eared hedgehog. The Coefficient of Contingency test, the highest value( 99.93) was recorded between Rhipicephalus turanicuss and Moniliformis moniliformis, followed by the value (98.89 ) between Haemaphysalis sp and Pterygodermatites plagiostoma, and the value between the parasite Archaeopsylla erinacei and Mathevotaenia erinacei was 92.8 ,the lowest value of Coefficient of Contingency test was recorded between Archaeopsylla erinacei and Pterygodermatites plagiostoma, where the value was (89.82). The results of the current study showed that there are three main nutrients that hedgehogs can eat, which are invertebrates, vertebrates, and plant parts and this indicates that hedgehogs belong to Omnivorous group.

Key words: Coefficient of Contingency, parasites , Omnivorous group, Archaeopsylla






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