Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(5): 284-288

Determining the Effects of a School-Based Intervention Program on The Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors on Smoking of Junior High School Students in West Java Province, Indonesia

LalliRahayuwati, Eleanor Castillo, Ruben Caragay, Abubakar Asa’ad.


Objective. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a school-based intervention program on the smoking-related knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and practices among students aged 11 to 17 years in Indonesia.
Methods. Using quasi-experimental design, the study was conducted among 690 Indonesian adolescent students aged 11 to 17 years who are in Grades 7 and 8 in West Java Province, Indonesia and have identified themselves as either daily smoker or non-smoker. This research involved two intervention groups, and one control group.Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed through One Way ANOVA of Dependent Groups/Within Subjects and Independent Group/Between Subjects using STATA 12.0.
Results. Health education intervention affected the knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and practice positively either in Intervention 1and2 Groups. In the Control Group, slight behavior changes were observed due to factors of school policy. Meanwhile, the knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and practice were found to increase linearly in Intervention 1 Group.
Conclusion. The study found that the strategies of Intervention 1 group were found to be effective for linearly improving the knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy compared to other groups.

Key words: school-based intervention, smoking prevention, adolescents.

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.