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Research Article

EEO. 2021; 20(3): 1522-1530

Organizational and economic levers to ensure an acceptable level of agro-ecological safety in the context of leadership

Oksana Butrym, Lyudmila Sakharnatska, Nina Palyanychko.

It is proved on the basis of the analysis of statistical reports that the current state of agricultural land use in Ukraine in the production commercial products crop production is not balanced. It was shown that the increase in agricultural production profits is due to the depletion of agro-resource potential without proper implementation of land-based activities. The result of this method of agricultural production on the basis of agricultural land use is high indicators of losses as land resources (the area of degraded soils grows annually by 90 thousand hectares (NATIONAL Report, 2014), more than 30,7% of lands are eroded), and financial losses (the loss of crop in the medium-earth soils is 40%, and strongly-swollen - 60%), the consequences of which will be even more disappointing for the following periods. In the process of execution objective of this work from the analysis of the reasons for the formation of increased levels of anthropogenic loading on agroecosystem in Ukraine the systematization of the types of itís impacts has been organized in groups, the key role of agroholdings in this aspect has been determined as the most significant organizational and economic form of implementation of agro-industrial activities. At the same time land use is going based involvement on instruments of lease of agricultural land, due to which the owner of the land plot moving away from the process of land use and minimizing the interest of land users in maintaining an acceptable level of agro-ecological safety, and preferences are given to economic priorities. The correction of the situation is proposed through the strengthening of the use of the potential of organizational and economic instruments and instruments designed to create new economic conditions, which ensures the introduction of a system of scientifically grounded land-use measures, both at the regional level and at a state-level high-value scale. The necessity of introducing an economic turnaround of agricultural land plots with the simultaneous strengthening of the legislative and regulatory framework for the functioning of these processes, the development of the institutional environment and information infrastructure to ensure transparency and public access to information on the state of agroecological safety and qualitative characteristics of soils is substantiated.

Key words: organizational and economic forms of management; land use; agroecological safety; land-based measures, aspects of leadership.

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