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Research Article

SRP. 2021; 12(1): 1561-1565


Psychosocial Stress, Cortisol and Growth Hormone Levels among Stunting Adolescent of Minangkabau Ethnicity in West Sumatera Province, Indonesia: A School-Based Study

Masrul, Nur Indrawati Lipoeto, Amel Yanis, Idral Purnakarya, Ikhwan Resmala Sudji, Ricvan Dana Nindrea.




Abstract

This study was performed to determine psychosocial stress, cortisol, and growth hormone levels among stunting adolescents of Minangkabau ethnicity in West Sumatera Province, Indonesia based on a school study. This study was a case-control study design. This research was conducted at several senior high schools in Padang City, which is the sub-urban area of Padang city. The study sample was stunting adolescents aged 16-18 years Minangkabau ethnicity Padang City. Cases and control groups matched age and sex. The study sample consists of 42 cases group and 42 control group. Sampling technique with proportional random sampling. Data collection for the first time started with screening to determine cases in selected senior high school. Degrees of stress assessment were obtained using interviews. The diet was obtained by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Anthropometry by measured height used microtoise. Growth hormone and cortisol hormone measurement used the ELISA technique. Data analysis used the chi-square test and Mann-Whitney test. P-value < 0.05 was considered as a statistically significant association. Finally, data were collected and analyzed by GraphPad Prism 7.00 program. There was no significant association of psychosocial stress with stunting adolescents of Minangkabau ethnicity. Physicosocial stress indicator happened among stunting adolescent was emotional, data showed more than half respondents between cases and control groups occurred. The median of cortisol and growth hormone levels in stunting adolescents 12.74 µg/dl and 0.52 ng/ml higher than the control group were 10.26 µg/dl and 0.26 ng/ml. But there was no significant difference in cortisol and hGH levels among stunting adolescents of Minangkabau ethnicity. Our study confirmed psychosocial stress indicator that happened among stunting adolescents was emotional. Cortisol and growth hormone levels were found higher in stunting adolescents.

Key words: Physicosocial Stress; Cortisol; Growth Hormone; Stunting






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