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Review Article

Talent. 2016; 6(2): 55-70


An Experimental Study Related to Planning Abilities of Gifted and Average Students

Marilena Z. Leana-Taşcılar.


Abstract

Gifted students differ from their average peers
in psychological, social, emotional and cognitive
development. One of these differences in
the cognitive domain is related to executive
functions. One of the most important executive
functions is planning and organization ability.
The aim of this study was to compare planning
abilities of gifted students with those of their
average peers and to test the effectiveness of a
training program on planning abilities of gifted
students and average students. First, students’
intelligence and planning abilities were
measured and then assigned to either experimental
or control group. The groups were
matched by intelligence and planning ability
(experimental: (13 gifted and 8 average; control:
14 gifted and 8 average). In total 182 students
(79 gifted and 103 average) participated
in the study. Then, a training program was
implemented in the experimental group to find
out if it improved students’ planning ability.
Results showed that boys had better planning
abilities than girls did, and gifted students had
better planning abilities than their average
peers did. Significant results were obtained in
favor of the experimental group in the posttest
scores.

Key words: Gifted students, planning ability, Tower of London Test






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