The Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) of Indonesia issued a policy for online learning in all schools, including provinces with limited internet facilities. This study aims to explain the readiness of elementary school teachers in the rural or remote areas in applying online learning. The method used in this study is was ex-post facto. Technology readiness is was measured based on four factors: Optimism (4 items), Innovativeness (4 items), Discomfort (4 items), and Insecurity (4 items). The Likert scale ranged from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 5 (Strongly Agree). The analysis used Two-way ANOVA and Cluster Analysis. Data from field observations were used to provide a deeper explanation of the statistical analysis. The analysis shows that three segments appear namely Explorers, Pioneers, and Laggards. The immediate implementation of the online learning has caused the Skeptics and Paranoid segments not appear. This study implies that educational policy-makers need to pay attention to the Internet access and the availability of mobile phones as constraints in online learning in rural or remote areas.
Key words: COVID-19, Elementary School, Online Learning, Rural Area, Educational Technology, Social Presence, Technology Readiness