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Incidence of Endoparasitic Infestation in Free-Ranging and Captive Asian Elephants of Odisha

Biswal Chichilichi, Chitta Ranjan Pradhan, Lakshman Kumar Babu, Niranjan Sahoo, Mitra Ranjan Panda, Sumanta Kumar Mishra, Kumaresh Behera, Abinash Das, Ananta Kumar Hembram.




Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of endoparasitic infestation in free ranging and captive Asian elephants in Odisha covering three seasons namely, summer (April-June), rainy (July-September) and winter (November-January). The locations were Chandaka Wildlife Sanctuary, Khordha; Satkosia Wildlife Sanctuary, Angul; Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Mayurbhanj for free-ranging, and Nandankanan Zoological Park, Bhubaneswar for captive elephants. Faecal samples were analysed by direct smear method, sedimentation technique and floatation method. The captive location showed a markedly lower endoparasitic infestation rate than any of the free-range locations, in every season; the differences being significant (P ≤ 0.01) in summer and rainy only. Thus, as regards to the seasonal influence, for each of the free-range and captive locations, the highest rate of infestation was observed in summer followed by rainy and winter.

Key words: Endoparasitic infestation, Asian elephant, Faecal, Free ranging, Captive and Seasonal influence






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