Assessment of patients understanding of the use of dispensed medications at a tertiary care hospital of central GujaratBhavesh R Bariya, Rahul J Parmar, Vihang S Mazumdar, Nimesh B Desai.
Background: Medications are an important part of the treatment of patients by clinicians in addition to other measures to be followed by the patients during the entire period of treatment.
Objective: To assess patients understanding about the use of medications after medicines are dispensed to them by a pharmacist at a tertiary care hospital of Vadodara district in Gujarat.
Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted between the time periods of January 2015 and August 2015. A total of 464 patients were interviewed after they had received medications from the pharmacy window. Descriptive statistics were used for summarizing data.
Results: Majority of the interviewed subjects belonged to 2544 years age group with almost equal representation from both gender and new as well as follow-up visit patients. The patients were prescribed on average of 4.14 medicines (standard deviation 2.10). Only 62 participants (13.4%) had a correct understanding about the use of medication in terms of purpose (20.9%), quantity (86.4%), and frequency in a day (73.1%), and relation of its consumption with food (37.2%). The majority (71.2%) took only one attempt by the investigator for a complete understanding of drug dosages after explanation.
Conclusion: The understanding of patients about dispensed medications was low, the lowest being the purpose of medication.
Key words: Understanding Medications; Pharmacist; Drug Dosages