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Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(4): 870-878

The study of hyponymic taxonomy in English linguistics and the lexical and semantic relations of hyponymy

Jamila Sharipovna Djumabaeva, Nodira Karimbaevna Sabirova.


The article is devoted to the study of hyponymy in English linguistics, in which the peculiarities of hypero-hyponymic relations are analyzed. The study of lexical series and lexical units linked on the basis of a hypero-hyponymic relationship implies that the structure of the English dictionary and lexical units is organized as a system, with a systemic character. The article is also devoted to the lexical and syntactic relations of hyponymy, in which the peculiarities of hypero-hyponymic relations are analyzed. Hyponymy is the cognitive processing of information, an important means of categorizing words and one of the most important processes in human cognitive activity. The hyponym and hyperonym relationship is very important in introducing a logical connection in speech by expressing the meaning of words. The range of things that are considered hyponymics in taxonomies is argued that hyponymy is a broad concept. The taxonomic width semantics of a lexical field is defined by a field name that combines several features that allow the level name to be assigned to different ideographic classes. The taxonomic breadth of the semantic level is also determined by the fact that the word does not exist as an isolated unit in the lexicon, interacting with other units to form different semantic paradigms. In the selection of lexical representatives of meaning, it was found that the structure of the semantic steps around the name of the concept differs in terms of taxonomic depth and taxonomic breadth. The article aims to gain a deeper understanding of the basic relationship that determines the hierarchical structure of individual semantic fields and the lexical system of language in general, hyponymy based on logical-semantic subordination

Key words: Hyponimia, hypero-hyponymic relationship, lexical units, semantic field, superordinate, privative relationship, lexical paradigm, taxonomic hyponimy, lexical unit, lexicon models, paradigmatic relationship, hidden category, hierarchical relationship, taxonomic breadth, taxonomic breadth

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