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Original Article

SJEMed. 2021; 2(3): 257-261

Assessment of the effectiveness of pain management among trauma patients in the emergency department

Ahmad Wazzan, Yazeed Khalid Albeladi, Rozan Altaifi, Mohammed Alqahtani, Rayan Bakheet.


In the emergency department (ED), pain is the most common complaint, especially among trauma patients. However, two-thirds of trauma patients are discharged from EDs with moderate to severe pain. Therefore, pain management is an important part of care in trauma patients.
To assess the effectiveness of pain management among trauma patients in the ED.
This is a retrospective cohort study conducted on adult trauma patients who attended the ED in King Abdulaziz medical city (KAMC) in Jeddah from June 2016 to July 2018. The study evaluated if the pain was evaluated during the patient encounters, and the pain score was registered. Furthermore, we assessed if pain medications were administered, their type and dosage, and the pain score evaluation before and after administration. Pain score was scored using the numeric pain scale. Data were collected from the health information system (Best careĀ®) and analyzed using SPSS version 24.

Initial pain assessment occurred only in 69% of our population, while assessment after medication administration happened in 71% of patients. The median between the time of arrival and the time of Initial Assessment was 19 minutes. The Mean difference between pain scores before and after pain management was one on a numeric pain scale with a P-Value of 0.001. 36.7% of Patients received appropriate medication based on their pain score improvement result. Opioid was used as an initial pain management drug in 35% of patients.
There is a big room for improvement in pain management in trauma patients in emergency departments. Emergency care providers should observe the timeliness and appropriateness of pain management. Evaluation and re-evaluation of pain before and after pain medications or other pain-relieving intervention needs to be more frequent and efficient.

Key words: pain, trauma, emergency

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