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Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 146-151

Impact of quality of life on the compliance in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients in Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Albatool Fahad Ali Almousa, Fai Mohammed Fahad Almarshud, Razan Abdullah Saleh Almasuood, Marya Omer Abdulaziz Alyahya, Chandra Sekhar Kalevaru, Najd Saleh Ibrahim Alolayan, Khadiga Mohamed Fathy Dandash.


Background: The number of patients who go through dialysis as a consequence of end-stage renal diseases is still increasing through the years. This study aimed to assess the quality of life and demographic factors on the compliance in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in Qassim province.
Methodology: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted in three cities in Qassim region, with all available responsive patients selected from each center. Data were collected using the kidney disease quality of life instrument (KDQOL) validated and widely used questionnaire over 2 months’ duration.
Result: The number of patients who participated in the study was 264. Demographic characteristics revealed that age (p = 0.011) and income (p = 0.017) of HD patients were significantly higher than PD. The quality of life (QoL) score in PD patients was better compared to HD, in which the mental health domain was the highest with a significantly better general health (p = 0.005). Regarding the compliance of the dialysis patients in relation to
QoL, emotional role was significantly better (p = 0.054) in non-complaint patients. Females were significantly (p = 0.011) more compliant than males.
Conclusion: Based on the study’s findings, these results will be useful to the health services and medical education institutes, which might contribute in the intervention of educational programs directed to increase awareness of healthcare providers and the community of this problem using different media and scientific journals.

Key words: QoL, compliance, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis

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