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Original Research

RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 974-977

Comparison of aerobic & Tai Chi exercise on cardiopulmonary endurance levels in smoker university students; A randomized controlled trial

Ibrahim Zafar, Ramsha Masood, Muhammad Junaid Akram, Sumaiyah Obaid Baig,Iqbal Tariq, Naveed Ahmad.


Objective: To compare the two well-known techniques i.e. Aerobic and Tai Chi Exercise on cardiopulmonary endurance levels among the smoker.
Methodology: In this Randomized Controlled Trial, a total of 88 male university students aged between 18 to 27 years who were smokers, having mild-severe nicotine level, determined by the nicotine and cotinine urine analysis, were included. People with psychiatric disorders, neurological disorders, malignancies, cardiac diseases, musculoskeletal problems and pulmonary issues were excluded. They were randomly and equally divided into two groups (control and experimental) by toss a coin method. Post treatment assessment were noted using nicotine level test in urine, digital spirometry and shuttle run test for cardio-pulmonary assessment. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21.
Results: One participant was dropped out from the experimental group. A non-significant improvement in Mean and median (IQ) was observed between the groups at post treatment, the post-training value of VO2 max, number of shuttles, shuttle distance, shuttle time, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume.
Conclusion: Aerobic exercises and Tai Chi technique both were effective in improving the cardio-respiratory fitness and health status of smokers.

Key words: Aerobic exercise, cardiac diseases, cardiopulmonary, endurance level, Tai-Chi technique.

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