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Maternal and neonatal outcome in gestational hypertension

Akhila N R, Lingaraj Jayalakshmi.


Background: Gestational hypertension (GH) has an incidence of 10–12% in Indian women. This leads to complications in both mother and fetus in later stages of pregnancy such as pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, small for gestational age, intrauterine death, and preterm delivery and may also lead to maternal and fetal death. There are less Indian studies relating adverse outcomes in mother and fetus to GH.

Aims and Objectives: This study was done to compare the maternal and fetal outcome in GH and normal pregnancy.

Materials and Methods: Fifty cases of GH and 50 women with normal pregnancy were included in the study. Routine general examination and investigations were done in all the subjects. Participants were followed up until the delivery to know the maternal and fetal outcome.

Results: Adverse maternal and fetal outcome was significantly higher in GH compared to normal pregnant women.

Conclusion: GH is one of the common complications of pregnancy and can be easily diagnosed. It is associated with adverse outcomes in mother and fetus which can be avoided if properly monitored.

Key words: Gestational Hypertension; Small for Gestational Age; Intrauterine Death

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