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Original Article

J Pak Med Assoc. 2015; 65(2): 201-205

Analysis of surgical approaches for unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture: minimum of five year follow-up

Jinfeng Wang, Ping Liu.

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the long-term outcome of unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures treated using anterior, posterior or combined anterior and posterior approaches.
Methods: The prospective randomised controlled study was conducted at the Tianjin 4th Centre Hospital, Tianjin, China, and comprised patients of unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture operated between July 2004 and July 2006 and followed up for five years. The patients were divided randomly into three groups of anterior, posterior and combined anterior and posterior approaches. Clinical data was analysed using SPSS 17.
Results: Of the 66 cases in the study, 45(68.18%) were male and 21(31.8%) were female, with overall age ranging from 19 to 69 years. There were 22(33.3%) patients in the anterior group, 23(35%) in the posterior group, and 21(32%) in the combined anterior and posterior group. Comparison was made between two respective groups. The combined group was found to have the longest operation time (p

Key words: Thoracolumbar burst fracture, Kyphotic angle, Visual analogue scale (VAS), Frankel grades, Approach

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