Background: When any microorganisms like virus, fungi, bacteria or parasite enter into human body that may cause infection. Sepsis is a life-threatening illness caused by the body overreacting to an infection. Any inflammation that affect the whole body due to any trauma, burns, pancreatitis, and infection that are called systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Sepsis is restrained for SIRS when any infection is suspected or proven in human being. We can identify SIRS when patient body temperature is >38°C and heart rate >90 beats per minute and patient is suffering from tachypnea with >20 breaths per minute.
Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the effectiveness of self-instructional module regarding SIRS of staff nurses in pediatric surgery ward.
Materials and Methods: In this study, researcher adopt quantitative research approach with one group pre-test and post-test research design was selected to assess the effectiveness of SIM regarding SIRS among staff nurses. Forty staff nurses were selected by non-probability convenience sampling technique. After pre-test, SIM was implemented among staff nurses and post-test of staff nurses was taken after 15 days of intervention. Ethical permission and written consent were taken from higher authority and staff nurses.
Results: Before implementation of SIM, nurses had shown poor knowledge (10.6 ± 4.3) regarding SIRS, whereas after giving self-instructional module, the knowledge had significantly improved with the difference of 17.8 ± 3.6, indicating the effectiveness of self-instructional module.
Conclusion: Most of the staff nurses in pediatric surgery ward had poor knowledge regarding SIRS. Self-instructional module was highly effective to increase knowledge among staff nurses. Therefore, the knowledge of staff nurse can be future improve by providing ongoing teaching programs.
Key words: Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome; Knowledge; Self-instructional Module and Staff Nurses