Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Research Article

ECB. 2020; 9(7): 164-173


IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIALS OF THREE EXTRACTS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS L. LEAF AND THEIR PHYTOCHEMICALS

Gloria Ihuoma Ndukwe, Poro David Clark, Ibiba Reuben Jack.


Abstract

The study sought to determine the phytochemical components, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaf. Three extracts of A. hybridus were examined for antimicrobial activity using disc diffusion assay. The different extracts demonstrated varied concentration-dependent antimicrobial activities against the test organisms. All extracts studied in this work were active against E. coli, S. aureus, B. cereus, T. mentagrophyte and A. niger. The methanol extract showedpotent inhibitory activity against T. mentagrophyte when compared to a standard antifungal agent, fluconazole. In vitro antioxidant activities were studied spectrophotometrically using vitamin C as standard. There were significant correlations between the methanolic extract and vitamin C for 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging, reducing ability, hydroxyl radical inhibitory and phosphomolybdate scavenging. The results of this study have shown that leaves of A. hybridus possess bioactive compounds which contributed to its antimicrobial and antioxidant properties.

Key words: Maceration; Amaranthus hybridus; phytochemical constituents; antimicrobial; antioxidant; stigmasterol; quinaz‾ capsaicin; methyl commate B.






Full-text options


Share this Article



Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com







eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.