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SRP. 2021; 12(2): 478-485

Food Breeding Traditions Based on Agricultural Mantra Manuscripts as Information Media for Traditional Agricultural Technology: Studies on the Indigenous Peoples of Kampung Naga and Baduy

Elis Suryani Nani Sumarlina, Undang Ahmad Darsa, Rangga Saptya Mohamad Permana, Ike Rostikawati Husend, M. Adha Al Kodri.


The agricultural land management system is revealed in several Sundanese manuscripts with mantra nuances that are closely related to traditions, especially among indigenous peoples who still adhere to customs, such as the indigenous peoples of Kampung Naga and Baduy. In the communities, there are Naga and Baduy villages, the procedures for processing and breeding food are found in the Sundanese text entitled Sulanjana, Dewi Sri, Nyi Pohaci, Sawargaloka, as well as the Nyi Lokatmala script. This is understandable because agricultural problems are closely related to how to cultivate and how agricultural land was empowered with agricultural technology to produce abundant harvests. All of it is inseparable from a spell, one of which is revealed in the Agricultural Manuscript. Therefore, through descriptive-analytical research methods and philological study methods, both codicology and technology, and socio-cultural studies, this paper reveals food breeding and its processing procedures based on local wisdom of agricultural texts, collaborating with traditions that are still inherent and implemented by the community. The customs of Kampung Naga and Baduy. This food breeding can become an important information medium related to traditional agricultural technology applied in the indigenous peoples of Kampung Naga and Baduy. Besides, this paper's findings also describe the relationship between agricultural mantra manuscripts and astronomy texts of astrology, which are used to calculate and determine when and what kind of rice should be planted, with what processing methods, what mantras to recite, when is the rice. Must be harvested, and in what way the rice is maintained so that the yield is abundant.

Key words: Food Breeding Traditions, Agricultural Manuscripts, and Indigenous Peoples, Traditional Agricultural Technology.

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